MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR AND THERMAL STABILITY OF EVA ENCAPSULANT MATERIAL USED IN PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
Radek Polanský – Martina Pinkerová – Monika Bartůňková – Pavel Prosr
The mechanical behavior and the thermal stability of an encapsulant based on ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) were studied. The EVA properties were verified at temperatures ranging from -70°C to 500°C. Thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic mechanical analysis were used in this study. It has been shown that the encapsulant has a good weight stability; however, the encapsulant passes through both a glass transition and a melting phase in the range of operating temperatures. The kinetic parameters of crosslinking were also analyzed. It is possible to achieve 65 % crosslinking at a temperature of 150°C and a time of 5 minutes. The activation energy of crosslinking is 95.6 kJ/mol.
Keywords: renewable energy resources, photovoltaic, EVA, encapsulant, glass transition, thermal analysis